Ⅰ. 插件描述fugitive.vim: A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
:source % :PluginInstall
对于Vundle版本 < 0.10.2，请用上面的Bundle替换Plugin。
:source % :NeoBundleInstall
:source % :PlugInstall
cd ~/.vim/bundle git clone https://github.com/tpope/vim-fugitive
I'm not going to lie to you; fugitive.vim may very well be the best
Git wrapper of all time. Check out these features:
Bring up an enhanced version of
git status with
:G (also known as
g? to bring up a list of maps for numerous operations
including diffing, staging, committing, rebasing, and stashing.
View any blob, tree, commit, or tag in the repository with
:Gtabedit, ...). Edit a file in the index and
write to it to stage the changes. Use
:Gdiffsplit to bring up the staged
version of the file side by side with the working tree version and use
Vim's diff handling capabilities to stage a subset of the file's
Commit, merge, and rebase with
the current Vim instance to edit commit messages and the rebase todo list.
:Gpull to send and retrieve upstream changes.
:Gblame brings up an interactive vertical split with
- Press enter on a line to edit the commit where the line
oto open it in a split. When you're done, use
in the historic buffer to go back to the work tree version.
:Gmove does a
git mv on a file and simultaneously renames the
git rmon a file and simultaneously deletes
:Ggrep to search the work tree (or any arbitrary commit) with
git grep, skipping over that which is not tracked in the repository.
:Gllog load all previous commits into the quickfix or location
- Give them a range (e.g., using visual mode and
- over every change to that portion of the current file.
:Git mergetool loads conflicts into the quickfix list.
:Git difftool does
the same for any arbitrary set of changes.
:Gread is a variant of
git checkout -- filename that operates on the
buffer rather than the filename. This means you can use
u to undo it
and you never get any warnings about the file changing outside Vim.
:Gwrite writes to both the work tree and index versions of a file,
making it like
git add when called from a work tree file and like
git checkout when called from the index or a blob in history.
:Gbrowse to open the current file on the web front-end of your favorite
hosting provider, with optional line range (try it in visual mode). Plugins
are available for popular providers such as GitHub,
Gitee, Pagure, and
'statusline' to get an indicator
with the current branch in your statusline.
Last but not least, there's
:Git for running any arbitrary command.
For more information, see
- A complement to command line git
- Working with the git index
- Resolving merge conflicts with vimdiff
- Browsing the git object database
- Exploring the history of a git repository
Install using your favorite package manager, or use Vim's built-in package support:
mkdir -p ~/.vim/pack/tpope/start cd ~/.vim/pack/tpope/start git clone https://tpope.io/vim/fugitive.git vim -u NONE -c "helptags fugitive/doc" -c q
Why can't I enter my password when I
It is highly recommended to use SSH keys or [credentials caching] to avoid
entering your password on every upstream interaction. If this isn't an
option, the official solution is to use the
core.askPass Git option to
request the password via a GUI. Fugitive will configure this for you
automatically if you have
git-gui installed; otherwise it's
your responsibility to set this up.
If you absolutely must type in your password by hand, sidestep Fugitive and
:terminal git push.
Copyright (c) Tim Pope. Distributed under the same terms as Vim itself.