Ⅰ. 插件描述

:cherry_blossom: A command-line fuzzy finder

Ⅱ. 基本信息

创建日期:  2013-10-23
使用用户:  10243
Github星:  27415
插件作者:  Junegunn Choi

Ⅲ. 安装方法


Plugin 'junegunn/fzf'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %

对于Vundle版本 < 0.10.2,请用上面的Bundle替换Plugin。


NeoBundle 'junegunn/fzf'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %


Plug 'junegunn/fzf'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %


cd ~/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/junegunn/fzf

Ⅳ. 文档说明

fzf - a command-line fuzzy finder travis-ci

fzf is a general-purpose command-line fuzzy finder.

It's an interactive Unix filter for command-line that can be used with any
list; files, command history, processes, hostnames, bookmarks, git commits,


  • Portable, no dependencies
  • Blazingly fast
  • The most comprehensive feature set
  • Flexible layout
  • Batteries included

    • Vim/Neovim plugin, key bindings and fuzzy auto-completion

Table of Contents


fzf project consists of the following components:

  • fzf executable
  • fzf-tmux script for launching fzf in a tmux pane
  • Shell extensions

    • Key bindings (CTRL-T, CTRL-R, and ALT-C) (bash, zsh, fish)
    • Fuzzy auto-completion (bash, zsh)
  • Vim/Neovim plugin

You can download fzf executable alone if you don't need the extra

Using Homebrew or Linuxbrew

You can use Homebrew or Linuxbrew
to install fzf.

brew install fzf

# To install useful key bindings and fuzzy completion:
$(brew --prefix)/opt/fzf/install

fzf is also available via MacPorts: sudo port install fzf

Using git

Alternatively, you can "git clone" this repository to any directory and run
install script.

git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/junegunn/fzf.git ~/.fzf

Using Linux package managers

Alpine Linuxsudo apk add fzf
Arch Linuxsudo pacman -S fzf
Debiansudo apt-get install fzf
Fedorasudo dnf install fzf
FreeBSDpkg install fzf
NixOSnix-env -iA nixpkgs.fzf
openSUSEsudo zypper install fzf
OpenBSDpkg_add fzf

Shell extensions (key bindings and fuzzy auto-completion) and Vim/Neovim
plugin may or may not be enabled by default depending on the package manager.
Refer to the package documentation for more information.


Pre-built binaries for Windows can be downloaded here. fzf is also
available via Chocolatey and Scoop:

Package managerCommand
Chocolateychoco install fzf
Scoopscoop install fzf

Known issues and limitations on Windows can be found on [the wiki

As Vim plugin

If you use
vim-plug, add this line to your Vim
configuration file:

Plug 'junegunn/fzf', { 'do': { -> fzf#install() } }

fzf#install() makes sure that you have the latest binary, but it's optional,
so you can omit it if you use a plugin manager that doesn't support hooks.

For more installation options, see README-VIM.md.

Upgrading fzf

fzf is being actively developed and you might want to upgrade it once in a

  1. Please follow the instruction below depending on the installation
  2. used.
  • git: cd ~/.fzf && git pull && ./install
  • brew: brew update; brew reinstall fzf
  • macports: sudo port upgrade fzf
  • chocolatey: choco upgrade fzf
  • vim-plug: :PlugUpdate fzf

Building fzf

See BUILD.md.


fzf will launch interactive finder, read the list from STDIN, and write the
selected item to STDOUT.

find * -type f | fzf > selected

Without STDIN pipe, fzf will use find command to fetch the list of
files excluding hidden ones. (You can override the default command with

vim $(fzf)

Using the finder

  • CTRL-J / CTRL-K (or CTRL-N / CTRL-P) to move cursor up and down
  • Enter key to select the item, CTRL-C / CTRL-G / ESC to exit
  • On multi-select mode (-m), TAB and Shift-TAB to mark multiple items
  • Emacs style key bindings
  • Mouse: scroll, click, double-click; shift-click and shift-scroll on
    multi-select mode


fzf by default starts in fullscreen mode, but you can make it start below the
cursor with --height option.

vim $(fzf --height 40%)

Also check out --reverse and --layout options if you prefer
"top-down" layout instead of the default "bottom-up" layout.

vim $(fzf --height 40% --reverse)

You can add these options to $FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS so that they're applied by

  1. For example,
export FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS='--height 40% --layout=reverse --border'

Search syntax

Unless otherwise specified, fzf starts in "extended-search mode" where you can
type in multiple search terms delimited by spaces. e.g. `^music .mp3$ sbtrkt

TokenMatch typeDescription
sbtrktfuzzy-matchItems that match sbtrkt
'wildexact-match (quoted)Items that include wild
^musicprefix-exact-matchItems that start with music
.mp3$suffix-exact-matchItems that end with .mp3
!fireinverse-exact-matchItems that do not include fire
!^musicinverse-prefix-exact-matchItems that do not start with music
!.mp3$inverse-suffix-exact-matchItems that do not end with .mp3

If you don't prefer fuzzy matching and do not wish to "quote" every word,
start fzf with -e or --exact option. Note that when --exact is set,
'-prefix "unquotes" the term.

A single bar character term acts as an OR operator. For example, the following
query matches entries that start with core and end with either go, rb,
or py.

^core go$ | rb$ | py$

Environment variables


    • Default command to use when input is tty
    • e.g. export FZF_DEFAULT_COMMAND='fd --type f'

    • Default options
    • e.g. export FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS="--layout=reverse --inline-info"


See the man page (man fzf) for the full list of options.


If you learn by watching videos, check out this screencast by @samoshkin to explore fzf features.


Many useful examples can be found on [the wiki
page](https://github.com/junegunn/fzf/wiki/examples). Feel free to add your
own as well.

fzf-tmux script

fzf-tmux is a bash script that opens fzf in a tmux pane.

# usage: fzf-tmux [-u|-d [HEIGHT[%]]] [-l|-r [WIDTH[%]]] [--] [FZF OPTIONS]
#        (-[udlr]: up/down/left/right)

# select git branches in horizontal split below (15 lines)
git branch | fzf-tmux -d 15

# select multiple words in vertical split on the left (20% of screen width)
cat /usr/share/dict/words | fzf-tmux -l 20% --multi --reverse

It will still work even when you're not on tmux, silently ignoring -[udlr]
options, so you can invariably use fzf-tmux in your scripts.

Alternatively, you can use --height HEIGHT[%] option not to start fzf in
fullscreen mode.

fzf --height 40%

Key bindings for command-line

The install script will setup the following key bindings for bash, zsh, and

  • CTRL-T - Paste the selected files and directories onto the command-line

    • Set FZF_CTRL_T_COMMAND to override the default command
    • Set FZF_CTRL_T_OPTS to pass additional options
  • CTRL-R - Paste the selected command from history onto the command-line

    • If you want to see the commands in chronological order, press CTRL-R
      again which toggles sorting by relevance
    • Set FZF_CTRL_R_OPTS to pass additional options
  • ALT-C - cd into the selected directory

    • Set FZF_ALT_C_COMMAND to override the default command
    • Set FZF_ALT_C_OPTS to pass additional options

If you're on a tmux session, you can start fzf in a split pane by setting
FZF_TMUX to 1, and change the height of the pane with FZF_TMUX_HEIGHT
(e.g. 20, 50%).

More tips can be found on the wiki page.

Fuzzy completion for bash and zsh

Files and directories

Fuzzy completion for files and directories can be triggered if the word before
the cursor ends with the trigger sequence which is by default **.

# Files under current directory
# - You can select multiple items with TAB key
vim **<TAB>

# Files under parent directory
vim ../**<TAB>

# Files under parent directory that match `fzf`
vim ../fzf**<TAB>

# Files under your home directory
vim ~/**<TAB>

# Directories under current directory (single-selection)
cd **<TAB>

# Directories under ~/github that match `fzf`
cd ~/github/fzf**<TAB>

Process IDs

Fuzzy completion for PIDs is provided for kill command. In this case,
there is no trigger sequence, just press tab key after kill command.

# Can select multiple processes with <TAB> or <Shift-TAB> keys
kill -9 <TAB>

Host names

For ssh and telnet commands, fuzzy completion for host names is provided. The
names are extracted from /etc/hosts and ~/.ssh/config.

ssh **<TAB>
telnet **<TAB>

Environment variables / Aliases

unset **<TAB>
export **<TAB>
unalias **<TAB>


# Use ~~ as the trigger sequence instead of the default **

# Options to fzf command
export FZF_COMPLETION_OPTS='+c -x'

# Use fd (https://github.com/sharkdp/fd) instead of the default find
# command for listing path candidates.
# - The first argument to the function ($1) is the base path to start traversal
# - See the source code (completion.{bash,zsh}) for the details.
_fzf_compgen_path() {
  fd --hidden --follow --exclude ".git" . "$1"

# Use fd to generate the list for directory completion
_fzf_compgen_dir() {
  fd --type d --hidden --follow --exclude ".git" . "$1"

# (EXPERIMENTAL) Advanced customization of fzf options via _fzf_comprun function
# - The first argument to the function is the name of the command.
# - You should make sure to pass the rest of the arguments to fzf.
_fzf_comprun() {
  local command=$1

  case "$command" in
    cd)           fzf "$@" --preview 'tree -C {} | head -200' ;;
    export|unset) fzf "$@" --preview "eval 'echo \$'{}" "$@" ;;
    ssh)          fzf "$@" --preview 'dig {}' ;;
    *)            fzf "$@" ;;

Supported commands

On bash, fuzzy completion is enabled only for a predefined set of commands
(complete | grep _fzf to see the list). But you can enable it for other
commands as well by using _fzf_setup_completion helper function.

# usage: _fzf_setup_completion path|dir|var|alias|host COMMANDS...
_fzf_setup_completion path ag git kubectl
_fzf_setup_completion dir tree

Vim plugin


Advanced topics


fzf is fast and is getting even faster. Performance should not be
a problem in most use cases. However, you might want to be aware of the
options that affect the performance.

  • --ansi tells fzf to extract and parse ANSI color codes in the input and it
    makes the initial scanning slower. So it's not recommended that you add it


  • --nth makes fzf slower as fzf has to tokenize each line.
  • --with-nth makes fzf slower as fzf has to tokenize and reassemble each
  • If you absolutely need better performance, you can consider using
    --algo=v1 (the default being v2) to make fzf use a faster greedy

    1. However, this algorithm is not guaranteed to find the optimal
    2. of the matches and is not recommended.

Executing external programs

You can set up key bindings for starting external processes without leaving
fzf (execute, execute-silent).

# Press F1 to open the file with less without leaving fzf
# Press CTRL-Y to copy the line to clipboard and aborts fzf (requires pbcopy)
fzf --bind 'f1:execute(less -f {}),ctrl-y:execute-silent(echo {} | pbcopy)+abort'

See KEY BINDINGS section of the man page for details.

Preview window

When --preview option is set, fzf automatically starts an external process with
the current line as the argument and shows the result in the split window. Your
$SHELL is used to execute the command with $SHELL -c COMMAND.

# {} is replaced to the single-quoted string of the focused line
fzf --preview 'cat {}'

Since the preview window is updated only after the process is complete, it's
important that the command finishes quickly.

# Use head instead of cat so that the command doesn't take too long to finish
fzf --preview 'head -100 {}'

Preview window supports ANSI colors, so you can use any program that
syntax-highlights the content of a file.

fzf --preview 'bat --style=numbers --color=always {} | head -500'

You can customize the size, position, and border of the preview window using
--preview-window option, and the foreground and background color of it with
--color option. For example,

fzf --height 40% --layout reverse --info inline --border \
    --preview 'file {}' --preview-window down:1:noborder \
    --color 'fg:#bbccdd,fg+:#ddeeff,bg:#334455,preview-bg:#223344,border:#778899'

See the man page (man fzf) for the full list of options.

For more advanced examples, see Key bindings for git with fzf

Since fzf is a general-purpose text filter rather than a file finder, **it is
not a good idea to add --preview option to your $FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS**.

# *********************
# ** DO NOT DO THIS! **
# *********************
export FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS='--preview "bat --style=numbers --color=always {} | head -500"'

# bat doesn't work with any input other than the list of files
ps -ef | fzf
seq 100 | fzf
history | fzf


Respecting .gitignore

You can use fd,
ripgrep, or [the silver
searcher](https://github.com/ggreer/the_silver_searcher) instead of the
default find command to traverse the file system while respecting

# Feed the output of fd into fzf
fd --type f | fzf

# Setting fd as the default source for fzf
export FZF_DEFAULT_COMMAND='fd --type f'

# Now fzf (w/o pipe) will use fd instead of find

# To apply the command to CTRL-T as well

If you want the command to follow symbolic links, and don't want it to exclude
hidden files, use the following command:

export FZF_DEFAULT_COMMAND='fd --type f --hidden --follow --exclude .git'

Fish shell

CTRL-T key binding of fish, unlike those of bash and zsh, will use the last
token on the command-line as the root directory for the recursive search. For
instance, hitting CTRL-T at the end of the following command-line

ls /var/

will list all files and directories under /var/.

When using a custom FZF_CTRL_T_COMMAND, use the unexpanded $dir variable to
make use of this feature. $dir defaults to . when the last token is not a
valid directory. Example:

set -g FZF_CTRL_T_COMMAND "command find -L \$dir -type f 2> /dev/null | sed '1d; s#^\./##'"

Related projects



The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013-2020 Junegunn Choi