Ⅰ. 插件描述

Seamless navigation between tmux panes and vim splits

Ⅱ. 基本信息

创建日期:  2013-04-12
使用用户:  6570
Github星:  2857
插件作者:  Chris Toomey

Ⅲ. 安装方法


Plugin 'christoomey/vim-tmux-navigator'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %

对于Vundle版本 < 0.10.2,请用上面的Bundle替换Plugin。


NeoBundle 'christoomey/vim-tmux-navigator'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %


Plug 'christoomey/vim-tmux-navigator'
… 然后在Vim中运行以下命令:
:source %


cd ~/.vim/bundle
git clone

Ⅳ. 文档说明

Vim Tmux Navigator

This plugin is a repackaging of [Mislav Marohnić's][] tmux-navigator
configuration described in [this gist][]. When combined with a set of tmux
key bindings, the plugin will allow you to navigate seamlessly between
vim and tmux splits using a consistent set of hotkeys.

NOTE: This requires tmux v1.8 or higher.


This plugin provides the following mappings which allow you to move between
Vim panes and tmux splits seamlessly.

  • <ctrl-h> => Left
  • <ctrl-j> => Down
  • <ctrl-k> => Up
  • <ctrl-l> => Right
  • <ctrl-\> => Previous split

Note - you don't need to use your tmux prefix key sequence before using
the mappings.

If you want to use alternate key mappings, see the [configuration section



If you don't have a preferred installation method, I recommend using [Vundle][].
Assuming you have Vundle installed and configured, the following steps will
install the plugin:

Add the following line to your ~/.vimrc file

Plugin 'christoomey/vim-tmux-navigator'

Then run



To configure the tmux side of this customization there are two options:

Add a snippet

Add the following to your ~/.tmux.conf file:

# Smart pane switching with awareness of Vim splits.
# See:
is_vim="ps -o state= -o comm= -t '#{pane_tty}' \
    | grep -iqE '^[^TXZ ]+ +(\\S+\\/)?g?(view|n?vim?x?)(diff)?$'"
bind-key -n 'C-h' if-shell "$is_vim" 'send-keys C-h'  'select-pane -L'
bind-key -n 'C-j' if-shell "$is_vim" 'send-keys C-j'  'select-pane -D'
bind-key -n 'C-k' if-shell "$is_vim" 'send-keys C-k'  'select-pane -U'
bind-key -n 'C-l' if-shell "$is_vim" 'send-keys C-l'  'select-pane -R'
tmux_version='$(tmux -V | sed -En "s/^tmux ([0-9]+(.[0-9]+)?).*/\1/p")'
if-shell -b '[ "$(echo "$tmux_version < 3.0" | bc)" = 1 ]' \
    "bind-key -n 'C-\\' if-shell \"$is_vim\" 'send-keys C-\\'  'select-pane -l'"
if-shell -b '[ "$(echo "$tmux_version >= 3.0" | bc)" = 1 ]' \
    "bind-key -n 'C-\\' if-shell \"$is_vim\" 'send-keys C-\\\\'  'select-pane -l'"

bind-key -T copy-mode-vi 'C-h' select-pane -L
bind-key -T copy-mode-vi 'C-j' select-pane -D
bind-key -T copy-mode-vi 'C-k' select-pane -U
bind-key -T copy-mode-vi 'C-l' select-pane -R
bind-key -T copy-mode-vi 'C-\' select-pane -l


If you'd prefer, you can use the Tmux Plugin Manager ([TPM][]) instead of
copying the snippet.
When using TPM, add the following lines to your ~/.tmux.conf:

set -g @plugin 'christoomey/vim-tmux-navigator'
run '~/.tmux/plugins/tpm/tpm'

Thanks to Christopher Sexton who provided the updated tmux configuration in
[this blog post][].


Custom Key Bindings

If you don't want the plugin to create any mappings, you can use the five
provided functions to define your own custom maps. You will need to define
custom mappings in your ~/.vimrc as well as update the bindings in tmux to


Add the following to your ~/.vimrc to define your custom maps:

let g:tmux_navigator_no_mappings = 1

nnoremap <silent> {Left-Mapping} :TmuxNavigateLeft<cr>
nnoremap <silent> {Down-Mapping} :TmuxNavigateDown<cr>
nnoremap <silent> {Up-Mapping} :TmuxNavigateUp<cr>
nnoremap <silent> {Right-Mapping} :TmuxNavigateRight<cr>
nnoremap <silent> {Previous-Mapping} :TmuxNavigatePrevious<cr>

Note Each instance of {Left-Mapping} or {Down-Mapping} must be replaced
in the above code with the desired mapping. Ie, the mapping for <ctrl-h> =>
Left would be created with nnoremap <silent> <c-h> :TmuxNavigateLeft<cr>.

Autosave on leave

You can configure the plugin to write the current buffer, or all buffers, when
navigating from Vim to tmux. This functionality is exposed via the
g:tmux_navigator_save_on_switch variable, which can have either of the
following values:

1:update (write the current buffer, but only if changed)
2:wall (write all buffers)

To enable this, add the following (with the desired value) to your ~/.vimrc:

" Write all buffers before navigating from Vim to tmux pane
let g:tmux_navigator_save_on_switch = 2
Disable While Zoomed

By default, if you zoom the tmux pane running Vim and then attempt to navigate
"past" the edge of the Vim session, tmux will unzoom the pane. This is the
default tmux behavior, but may be confusing if you've become accustomed to
navigation "wrapping" around the sides due to this plugin.

We provide an option, g:tmux_navigator_disable_when_zoomed, which can be used
to disable this unzooming behavior, keeping all navigation within Vim until the
tmux pane is explicitly unzoomed.

To disable navigation when zoomed, add the following to your ~/.vimrc:

" Disable tmux navigator when zooming the Vim pane
let g:tmux_navigator_disable_when_zoomed = 1


Alter each of the five lines of the tmux configuration listed above to use your
custom mappings. Note each line contains two references to the desired

Additional Customization

Restoring Clear Screen (C-l)

The default key bindings include <Ctrl-l> which is the readline key binding
for clearing the screen. The following binding can be added to your ~/.tmux.conf file to provide an alternate mapping to clear-screen.

bind C-l send-keys 'C-l'

With this enabled you can use <prefix> C-l to clear the screen.

Thanks to [Brian Hogan][] for the tip on how to re-map the clear screen binding.


If you like to nest your tmux sessions, this plugin is not going to work

  1. It probably never will, as it would require detecting when Tmux would
  2. from one outermost pane to another and propagating that to the outer


By default this plugin works on the outermost tmux session and the vim
sessions it contains, but you can customize the behaviour by adding more
commands to the expression used by the grep command.

When nesting tmux sessions via ssh or mosh, you could extend it to look like
'(^|\/)g?(view|vim|ssh|mosh?)(diff)?$', which makes this plugin work within
the innermost tmux session and the vim sessions within that one. This works
better than the default behaviour if you use the outer Tmux sessions as relays
to different hosts and have all instances of vim on remote hosts.

Similarly, if you like to nest tmux locally, add |tmux to the expression.

This behaviour means that you can't leave the innermost session with Ctrl-hjkl

  1. These following fallback mappings can be targeted to the right Tmux
  2. by escaping the prefix (Tmux' send-prefix command).
bind -r C-h run "tmux select-pane -L"
bind -r C-j run "tmux select-pane -D"
bind -r C-k run "tmux select-pane -U"
bind -r C-l run "tmux select-pane -R"
bind -r C-\ run "tmux select-pane -l"


Vim -> Tmux doesn't work!

This is likely due to conflicting key mappings in your ~/.vimrc. You can use
the following search pattern to find conflicting mappings
\vn(nore)?map\s+\<c-[hjkl]\>. Any matching lines should be deleted or
altered to avoid conflicting with the mappings from the plugin.

Another option is that the pattern matching included in the .tmux.conf is
not recognizing that Vim is active. To check that tmux is properly recognizing
Vim, use the provided Vim command :TmuxNavigatorProcessList. The output of
that command should be a list like:

Ss   -zsh
S+   vim
S+   tmux

If you encounter a different output please [open an issue][] with as much info
about your OS, Vim version, and tmux version as possible.

Tmux Can't Tell if Vim Is Active

This functionality requires tmux version 1.8 or higher. You can check your
version to confirm with this shell command:

tmux -V # should return 'tmux 1.8'

Switching out of Vim Is Slow

If you find that navigation within Vim (from split to split) is fine, but Vim
to a non-Vim tmux pane is delayed, it might be due to a slow shell startup.
Consider moving code from your shell's non-interactive rc file (e.g.,
~/.zshenv) into the interactive startup file (e.g., ~/.zshrc) as Vim only
sources the non-interactive config.

It doesn't work in Vim's terminal mode

Terminal mode is currently unsupported as adding this plugin's mappings there
causes conflict with movement mappings for FZF (it also uses terminal mode).
There's a conversation about this in

It Doesn't Work in tmate

[tmate][] is a tmux fork that aids in setting up remote pair programming

  1. It is designed to run alongside tmux without issue, but occasionally
  2. are hiccups. Specifically, if the versions of tmux and tmate don't match,

you can have issues. See [this
issue]( for more

It Still Doesn't Work!!!

The tmux configuration uses an inlined grep pattern match to help determine if
the current pane is running Vim. If you run into any issues with the navigation
not happening as expected, you can try using [Mislav's original external
script][] which has a more robust check.