Ⅰ. 插件描述Vim/Neovim plugin to display tabs and buffers in the tabline
:source % :PluginInstall
对于Vundle版本 < 0.10.2，请用上面的Bundle替换Plugin。
:source % :NeoBundleInstall
:source % :PlugInstall
cd ~/.vim/bundle git clone https://github.com/pacha/vem-tabline
Vem Tabline is a lightweight Vim/Neovim plugin to display your tabs and buffers
at the top of your screen using the editor's tabline.
Vem tabline shows your tabs as numbered workspaces at the right of the top line
of the screen and the list of open buffers to the left.
- Use of Vim's native tabline (no horizontal splits).
- Support for displaying both buffers and tabs simultaneously.
- Possibility of reordering the buffers in the tabline.
- Support for Vim's native commands (no re-mappings necessary —there are
key mappings offered by the plugin but they are optional).
- Support to show the buffer number together with its name.
- Mouse support for clicking on both buffers (only Neovim) and tabpage numbers.
- Lightweight, performant and just focused on providing the tabline
Note: Vem Tabline is a component of a bigger Vim configuration setup named
Vem. Hence the plugin name. Vem Tabline can be
used independently from the Vem project though. Other components of Vem are:
- Vem Statusline: A light
statusline for Vim.
- Vem Dark: A dark color scheme for
Vim based on Wombat.
You can use Vem Tabline right away without additional configuration. Just
install the plugin and start using it. You only need to configure it if you
want to manually order the buffers in the tabline (explained below) or to show
the buffer number together with its name.
You need at least Vim 7.4 or Neovim to use Vem Tabline.
Note: If you don't have set it yet, probably you may want to specify:
vimrc file so you can switch buffers without having to save their
Moving Buffers in Tabline
Vem Tabline allows you to change the order in which buffers are shown in each
- To do so, use the following
<Plug>vem_move_buffer_left-: Move selected buffer to the left
<Plug>vem_move_buffer_right-: Move selected buffer to the right
Vim doesn't support ordering buffers natively so if you use
:bprev, they will not follow the order of buffers in the tabline if you have
modified it. To avoid this problem you can use the following mappings:
<Plug>vem_prev_buffer-: Select previous buffer in tabline
<Plug>vem_next_buffer-: Select next buffer in tabline
For example you could set your mappings like:
nmap <leader>h <Plug>vem_move_buffer_left- nmap <leader>l <Plug>vem_move_buffer_right- nmap <leader>p <Plug>vem_prev_buffer- nmap <leader>n <Plug>vem_next_buffer-
You may also want to map the numbered keys to quickly access your tabs. To do
so, use the following key mappings:
nnoremap <leader>1 :1tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>2 :2tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>3 :3tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>4 :4tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>5 :5tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>6 :6tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>7 :7tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>8 :8tabnext<CR> nnoremap <leader>9 :9tabnext<CR>
If you reorder the buffers in the tabline and then you delete one of them, Vim
will choose a new buffer to display instead. This will usually be the next
buffer in Vim's jump list and not necessarily the next one in the tabline. If
you delete several of them in a row, you don't really know which buffer will be
selected in the tabline and the resulting effect looks a bit random.
If you want to have the next buffer in the tabline to be selected when you
delete the current one, you can add something like this to your
function! DeleteCurrentBuffer() abort let current_buffer = bufnr('%') let next_buffer = vem_tabline#tabline.get_replacement_buffer() try exec 'confirm ' . current_buffer . 'bdelete' if next_buffer != 0 exec next_buffer . 'buffer' endif catch /E516:/ " If the operation is cancelled, do nothing endtry endfunction nmap <leader>x :call DeleteCurrentBuffer()<CR>
With this, you can press
\x), and the current buffer
will be deleted, and the next one in the tabline selected. If the current
buffer has unsaved changes, you'll be prompted to confirm.
Of course, you can adapt the snippet to your needs (like using
bdelete) or choose a different key mapping.
Vem Tabline offers a mode to show only relevant buffers depending on the layout
of the current tabpage:
- In tabs with only one window all buffers are listed.
- In tabs with more than one window, only the buffers that are being displayed
This allows you to have a cleaner list of buffers depending on the tab that is
active and goes well with Vim's philosophy of using tabs as workspaces to
arrange windows in different configurations.
To enable this mode, set
g:vem_tabline_multiwindow_mode to 1 in your
See Configuration for more information.
Vem Tabline uses the default colors of your color scheme for rendering the
- However you may change them using the following highlighting groups:
|VemTablineLocation||TabLine||Directory name of non-selected buffers (when present)|
|VemTablineNumber||TabLine||Number of non-selected buffers (when present)|
|VemTablineSelected||TabLineSel||Currently selected buffer|
|VemTablineLocationSelected||TabLineSel||Directory name of the currently selected buffer (when present)|
|VemTablineNumberSelected||TabLineSel||Number of the currently selected buffer (when present)|
|VemTablineShown||TabLine||Buffers currently being displayed in windows|
|VemTablineLocationShown||TabLine||Directory name of the buffers being displayed (when present)|
|VemTablineNumberShown||TabLine||Number of the buffers being displayed (when present)|
|VemTablineSeparator||TabLineFill||'+X more' text|
|VemTablinePartialName||TabLine||Partially displayed buffer at the edge of the tabline|
|VemTablineTabNormal||TabLineFill||Non selected tab|
For example, with the following code you can configure your tabline colors using
different shades of grey:
highlight VemTablineNormal term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=0 ctermbg=251 guifg=#242424 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineLocation term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=239 ctermbg=251 guifg=#666666 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineNumber term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=239 ctermbg=251 guifg=#666666 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineSelected term=bold cterm=bold ctermfg=0 ctermbg=255 guifg=#242424 guibg=#ffffff gui=bold highlight VemTablineLocationSelected term=bold cterm=none ctermfg=239 ctermbg=255 guifg=#666666 guibg=#ffffff gui=bold highlight VemTablineNumberSelected term=bold cterm=none ctermfg=239 ctermbg=255 guifg=#666666 guibg=#ffffff gui=bold highlight VemTablineShown term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=0 ctermbg=251 guifg=#242424 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineLocationShown term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=0 ctermbg=251 guifg=#666666 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineNumberShown term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=0 ctermbg=251 guifg=#666666 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineSeparator term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=246 ctermbg=251 guifg=#888888 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablinePartialName term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=246 ctermbg=251 guifg=#888888 guibg=#cdcdcd gui=none highlight VemTablineTabNormal term=reverse cterm=none ctermfg=0 ctermbg=251 guifg=#242424 guibg=#4a4a4a gui=none highlight VemTablineTabSelected term=bold cterm=bold ctermfg=0 ctermbg=255 guifg=#242424 guibg=#ffffff gui=bold
The plugin is pretty simple and doesn't require manual configuration. However,
there are some parameters that you may want to change. The most important ones
g:vem_tabline_show: boolean (default: 1)
The value of this option specifies how the tabline will be shown: 0: never shown 1: shown when there's more than one tab or buffer open 2: always shown Note: Vim option `showtabline` is used for the same purpose and takes these same values, however it only checks the number of tabs and ignores the number of buffers when it is set to 1. Please, use `g:vem_tabline_show` instead of `showtabline` since the plugin will override the value of the option to fix this behavior.
g:vem_tabline_multiwindow_mode: boolean (default: 0)
When this mode is active, for layouts of multiple windows in the tabpage, only the buffers that are displayed in those windows are listed in the tabline. That only applies to multi-window layouts, if there is only one window in the tabpage, all buffers are listed. If this mode is set to 0, all buffers are listed in the tabline regardless of the window layout.
g:vem_tabline_show_number: string (default: 'none')
Show number in front of each buffer. The possible values are: none: no number is shown buffnr: Vim's buffer number is shown index: displayed buffers are numbered sequentially starting from 1 Check the help file to get more information about how to switch to buffers using the index number.
For more configuration options, check the Vim help file
provided with the plugin.
There are many plugins to display the buffers in Vim. The design of Vem Tabline
is based on two very cool ones:
WinTabs. It doesn't share code with
them but many ideas come from their original authors.